The parts of industrial ceramics have been widely used by people. At the same time, the strength of zirconia ceramics is more sensitive to processing, and it is difficult to achieve high-efficiency processing. Therefore, the processing cost of industrial ceramics is higher than that of other common ceramic materials. Zirconia ceramics is mainly an inorganic non-metallic material formed by high temperature sintering. The sintered material has the advantages of strong high temperature resistance, corrosion resistance, wear resistance and thermal shock resistance. So what are the processing methods of zirconia ceramic？
Part 1: Processing method of industrial ceramics
Among the industrial ceramic machining methods, the efficiency of mechanical processing methods will be relatively high, so it has also been widely used in industry, especially diamond grinding wheel grinding, grinding and polishing are more common. Most other processing of industrial ceramics is more suitable for drilling, cutting or micromachining. When cutting, most of the diamond grinding wheels are used for grinding and cutting. When drilling, ultrasonic processing, grinding or grinding should be carried out according to different apertures.
The main methods of commonly used ceramic surface roughness machining:
- Rough surface: Planing, milling, etc. are mainly used for non-contact surfaces: such as chamfering, drilling, etc. These are the more commonly used methods.
- Internal hole surface processing: This mainly uses a polishing machine, internal grinding equipment, etc., using a polishing machine to polish the zirconia ceramics, grinding can make the appearance of the zirconia ceramics bright and smooth, the texture is particularly good, and the density is relatively good high.
- The smoothest surface (mirror surface): using grinding, mirror grinding, ultra-fine grinding, etc.
Part 2, the main problems of industrial ceramics machining
Although there are many methods for industrial ceramic processing, the processing cost is relatively high, the processing efficiency is relatively low, and the processing accuracy is relatively poor. One of the main reasons is because the hardness of zirconia technical ceramics is very high. For the unsintered or sintered industrial ceramics, the rough machining is mainly performed by cutting, and the finishing is performed by grinding after sintering.
Depending on the situation of the industrial ceramics, the sintered body can also be directly ground and processed to achieve the design accuracy without processing. In the process of processing zirconia ceramics, industrial ceramics are almost similar to metal parts, but the machining allowance of industrial ceramics is much larger. Insufficient strength or surface processing defects are prone to occur, or due to insufficient clamping, etc., the required final processing shape cannot be obtained.
Another problem of industrial ceramic processing is that the cost of processing tools is relatively high, and high-priced sintered diamond and CBN tools are required for cutting. The cost of the tool is dozens to hundreds of times. The strength of industrial ceramics is very sensitive to processing, and it is difficult to achieve high-efficiency processing, so the processing cost of industrial ceramics is much higher than that of ordinary materials.
The above zirconia ceramic processing methods are introduced here. There are many methods of ceramic plane processing, and basically all processing methods can process plane, turning, milling, planing, grinding, drawing, and wire cutting. However, the strength of industrial ceramics is very sensitive to processing, and it is difficult to achieve high-efficiency processing, so the processing cost of industrial ceramics is much higher than that of ordinary materials.
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